Here, we guide you during the process of Planning, Building, and testing a home wireless network setup. Wireless communication technology is a modern alternative to traditional wired networking that relies on cables to connect digital devices together. Wireless technologies are widely used in both home and business computer networks.
First you’ll need to know about the How to Build a Wireless LAN for Home wireless network setup?
So using this simple three-step, you can setup any typical wireless home network, a wireless LAN (WLAN):
- Identify the WLAN(wireless network setup) design which is best for your situation.
- Select Good Wireless gear
- Install gear and test the configured WLAN.
Are you Ready to Go Wireless?
Already if you’ve made an informed decision to go wireless before build a traditional cabled network. Though prices have go down significantly from a few years ago, when wireless gear was quite expensive, wireless networks still aren’t for everyone .
What is a WLAN?
WLAN is a “typical” wireless home network setup. A wireless local area network (WLAN) is a wireless distribution method for two or more devices that use high-frequency radio waves and often include an access point to the Internet. A WLAN allows users to move around the coverage area, often a home or small office, while maintaining a network connection.
What is Wi-Fi?
Wi-Fi is an industry name. Wi-Fi is a technology for wireless local area networking with devices based on the IEEE 802.11 standards. But because all mainstream wireless home network gear uses the 802.11 standards today, basically the term “Wi-Fi” merely differentiate from other network gear.
What is 802.11a/802.11b/802.11g?
802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g represent three popular wireless communication standards. wireless network setup can be made using any of the three, but 802.11a is less compatible with the others and tends to be a more expensive option implemented only by larger businesses. Use the supplemental article below to help you pick 802.11 standard(s) for your wireless LAN.
What are WEP, WPA and Wardriving?
The security of wireless home network setup remains a concern for many. Sure credit card transactions on the Web may be secure, but imagine your neighbors spying on every email and instant message you send.
Wardriving to raise awareness of this vulnerability in WLANs. With the help of cheap, home-made equipment,”wardrivers” walked or motored during neighborhoods snooping the wireless network traffic starting from nearby homes.
Some wardrivers even logged their computers onto unsuspecting people’s home WLANs, essentially stealing free computer resources and internet access.
WEP was an important feature of home wireless network setup designed to improve their security. WEP mix ups network traffic mathematically so that other computers can understand it, but humans cannot read it.
Now WEP has been replaced with WPA and other security options. WPA helps protect your WLAN from wardrivers and interfering neighbors, and now, all popular wireless equipment supports it. Because you can be turned WPA feature turned “On” or “Off”, for that you’ll simply need to ensure it is configured properly when setting up your network.
Types of Wireless Equipment
The five types of Equipment found in wireless home networks are:
- wireless network adapters
- wireless access points
- wireless routers
- add-on wireless antennas
- wireless signal boosters
Some of this Equipment is optional depending on your home network configuration. These all are a building block of a Wireless LAN such as network adapters, access points, wireless routers, add-on wireless antennas and signal boosters. Of these, only network adapters are truly required to build a wireless home network setup.
How to Configuration WLAN in Home Wireless Network Setup?
According to your needs we’re ready to set them up. So don’t worry still if you haven’t settled on a configuration, we will cover all of them.
Have your answers ready for the following questions?
- Do you want to extend your wired home network setup with a WLAN, or are you building a completely new network?
- How many wireless computers do you plan to network, and where in the home will be they be located?
- What operating systems do/will you run on your networked computers?
- Do you need to share your Internet connection among the wireless computers? How else will you use this WLAN? File sharing? Network gaming?
Next- Installing a Wireless Router
Only One wireless router supports one WLAN. If you use a Wireless router on your network follow below steps for home wireless network setup:
- First, Building your first home network, or
- Then you want to re-build your home network to be all-wireless, or
- You want to keep your WLAN installation as simple as possible
Home Wireless network setup:
Try to install your wireless router in a central location within the home. If you want to better network speed then you need your computer closer to the router than computers further away.
Next, connect the wireless router to a power outlet and optionally to a source of internet connectivity. All wireless router support broadband modems and some support phone line connections to dial-up Internet service. If you need dial-up support, make sure to purchase a router having an RS-232 serial port. Finally, because wireless routers contain a built-in access point, also you’re free to connect a wired router, switch, or hub.
Then, choose your network name. In Wi-Fi networking, the network name is repeatedly called the SSID. Your router and all computers on the WLAN must share the same SSID. Though your router sent with a default name set by the manufacturer, it’s best to change if for security reasons.
For home wireless network setup, consult product documentation to find the network name for your particular wireless router.
At last, follow the router documentation to enable WEP security, turn on firewall features, and set any other recommended parameters.
Follow below steps for Installing a Wireless Access Point in home wireless network setup:
If you use a wireless access point on your home network:
- You don’t need the extra features a wireless router provides AND
- You are expanding an existing wired Ethernet home network, or
- If your plan to have four or more wireless computers scattered throughout the home
If possible first, you’ll need to install your access point in a central location. If preferred then connect power and a dial-up Internet connection. Cable also the access point to your LAN router, switch or hub. See the diagram in the Page 3 sidebar for details.
For that you won’t have a firewall to configure, yes , but you still must set a network name and then enable WEP on your access point at this stage.
Configuring the Wireless Adapters
So here we explain how to configuring the Wireless Adapters in home wireless network setup.
If you configure your adapters then after setting up the wireless router or access point. Insert the adapters into your computers as explained in your product documentation. Wi-Fi adapters requires TCP/IP be installed on the host computer.
On the Windows OS, for example, adapters generally have their own graphic user interface (GUI) accessible from the Start Menu or taskbar after the hardware is installed. At here where you set the network name and turn on WEP, you can also set a few other parameters as described in the next section. So remember, all of your wireless adapter must use the same parameter settings for your WLAN to function properly.
Configuring an Ad-Hoc Home WLAN
For your home wireless network setup you’ll need to configure an Ad-hoc Home WLAN.
Every Wi-Fi adapters requires you to choose between infrastructure mode and ad-hoc wireless mode. When using a wireless access point or router, set every wireless adapter for infrastructure mode. In this mode, wireless adapters automatically detect and set their WLAN channel number to match the access point.
Instead, set all wireless adapters to use ad hoc mode. When you enable this mode, you’ll see a separate setting for channel number. Which are all adapters on your ad hoc wireless LAN need matching channel numbers.
You can also use this configuration as a fallback option if your access point or router breaks.
Configuring Software Internet Connection Sharing
You can also share an Internet connection across an ad hoc wireless network while you already home wireless network setup. For do this, assign of your computers as the host. That selected computer will keep the modem connection and must obviously be powered on whenever the network is in use.
Also Microsoft windows offers a feature called Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) that works with ad hoc WLANs.
Now let’s cover some of the major points you need to know about home wireless networks setup.
Wireless Signal Interference within the Home
When installing a Wi-Fi router, be careful of signal interferences from other home appliances. In exacting, do not install the unit within 3-10 feet from a microwave oven. Other common sources of wireless interferences are 2.4 GHz cordless phones, baby monitors, garage door openers, and some home automation devices.
Wi-Fi is designed to support signal range up to 300 feet, but physical walls reduce this range largely. All 802.11 communications are affected by obstructions; keep this in mind when installing your devices.
Newer wireless routers support a handy security feature called MAC address filtering. This feature allows you to register wireless adapters with your router and force the unit to reject communications from any wireless device that isn’t on your list. MAC address filtering combined with strong Wi-Fi encryption affords very good security protection.
With the options you’ll see for activating wireless security on home networks. WPA2 is considered best.
To set up wireless security for home wireless network setup, choose a method and assign a long code number called a key or passphrase to the router and all of your devices. Matching security settings must be configured on both the router and the client device for the wireless connection to work. Keep your passphrase secret, as others can easily join your network once they know the code.
General Tips for Home Wireless Network Setup:
If you have finished installing the components, but your home network isn’t functioning correctly, troubleshoot this problem to following methods:
- Can’t reach the Internet? Temporarily turn off your firewall to determine whether you have a firewall configuration problem, or some other issue.
- Similarly, turn on and check your wireless adapters one by one, to determine if problems are remote to a single computer or common to all.
- Try an ad hoc wireless configuration if infrastructure mode networking isn’t functional, and may be you’ll identify a problem with your access point or router
- To help you work systematically, as you build your network, write down on paper the key settings like network name, security key or passphrase, MAC addresses, and Wi-Fi channel numbers
- Don’t worry about making mistakes; you can go back and alter any of your WLAN settings any time