Ransomware is a silent cybercrime that you get aware of after it has happened. When ransomware software infects your systems, it encrypts and deletes all the data from your computer, and sometimes it comes without warning. You end up losing all your precious documents including bank account details, business files, personal photos, and videos.
You get informed by the attacker when your files have been encrypted. They tell you so that you can pay a ransom to receive back your data. This amount is mostly paid in bitcoin currency, which not everyone is familiar with. You are already in a panic because of the alarming situation, and whether you get your documents back after the payment is not guaranteed. Here are some ways that you can protect your data from getting infected with ransomware.
Back-Up Your Files:
The one big favor you can do for yourself is back up all your data from time to time. It is best to have two back-up copies of your files in case you end up losing one. You can store one copy in the cloud using Google drive. The other one can be stored on a hard drive or another electronic device.
When you store your files on another computer, make sure to add limits for access so that nobody can alter them. Back up all the files in a way that saves you from all the trouble, including accidental removal of files.
Avoid Unnecessary Emails:
Some of the cases of ransomware involve fake emails that have a malware link attached. They can send an email message that mimics any brand or bank that lures you into clicking on the link that they provided.
It is a scam that can get your device infected with ransomware. Be aware of these malware types and make sure never to open a link sent by an unknown sender. It is better to be mindful of your online friends or gaming partners, as they can also send you a malicious link.
Enable File Extensions:
In your windows computer, enable the option of ‘Show file extensions.’ Your device can warn you about any malicious links that are attached to any website. This option can separate threats from the safe file extensions.
A ransomware attack can be made in many ways. The threat can appear in a shape of a video, photo, or document to encrypt your files.
Use an Antivirus Program:
Ensure installing good antivirus software to protect your data from viruses, ransomware, and malware. Make sure to regularly update your version of antivirus to take advantage of the new functions.
Even if your device ends up being infected, you can still protect your important files using antivirus software.
Cut Off Your Connection:
If your device has a notification of a ransomware threat, then immediately cut off the connection to save your files. If you discover an unusual activity while you are browsing, then cut off the internet connection. There are some chances that the encryption key to your files has not been deleted yet.
In some cases, it might be hard to get the encryption key as new strains of this malware may have a predefined key. But it is still best to cut off the connection to save as many files as you can.
Restore Your Files:
Find out what type of ransomware has infected your device. If it is an older version then you can easily restore your files. Cybersecurity companies know how to handle ransomware and provide file restoration tools.
With a professional’s help, you can easily decrypt your files and get your data back. In contrast, some ransomware is hard to deal with and may require you to pay the ransom. But it is best to avoid paying ransom unless you are in a critical need to access your files. Paying the ransom can encourage more people to get into this unlawful act.